Transforming and constructing knowledge


As I was browsing through the week 4 learning path again, I thought through the word transforming and constructing knowledge. There are actually differences in this two concept but it needs to be connected to ensure effective learning.


My understanding of constructing knowledge is that teacher teach and construct knowledge according to facts, concepts or principles. Where else, transforming knowledge is where children comprehend topics or big ideas that they have learned and they need to apply their knowledge into the extended task. Visit charis‘s blog to view on her definition and understanding of constructing and transforming knowledge.



Let’s use Blooms Taxanomy as a guide, we can see that the knowledge  as an example for constructing knowledge. The key words in “knowledge” is just within defining, name, record and more. It is just to build the knowledge upon the child. For transforming knowledge, we use “synthesize” as an example. Some of the main key words includes compose, create and design. This determines that children will not only be absorbing the knowledge but also apply new knowledge when they are able to compose, create and more. This  also ensures me that children will learn effectively if both of this knowledge were used during teaching and learning.



Utilizing Bloom’s taxonomy. [Image]. Retrieved April 7, 2013, from

ICT or not?



I have been reading on The Star newspaper since few weeks back. I realised that all parties have highlighted the issue on the use of ICT. In this current newspaper article that I have read, it discusses on the topic ” glued to the screen”. The title was brought into debate whereby how much of ICT exposure do a child need.

In an interview with a father of 14 years old child, he do agree that his child benefits from the use of internet. He mentioned that there are variety of resources online for learning. Adding on, t since his son joined the game forum, he seemed to be more enthusiastic to learn about Geography as he know people from all over the world. 

As for another parent of a 3 1/2 years old child, she agreed that the advancement of technology benefits the child but she will still prefer to raise the child in an old-fashion way. She would limit the child to use ICT but she make effort  to bring the child for an outdoor  to feel, play and learn instead of having children who glued to the screen. 

Thus, should we limit children’s screen time? (Community Team, 2011) Read more here


Community Team. ( 2011). Should parents limit screen time? Retrieved April 5, 2013, from

Learning to work with Backwards design model


I came across backward design when I was doing my year 2 subject. And I am seeing it again now but at least I understand more of it now.

What make this backwards design unique? Backwards design is a model which consist of different steps. This model require teacher to design lesson  from the end. (Richardson, n.d.)

1. Teacher need to identify the goal and the desired result.

  • specify big ideas
  • Identify the content standards
  • Based on children’s interest

2. Planning evidence to ensure that children has learned and understand.

varies assessment- formative and summative

  • Quiz
  • Open-ended question
  • Short Essay as reflection
  • Concept map

3. Plan learning experience
  • Activities that provide meaningful learning related to the goal
  • Provide activities that enhance skills, concepts, fact and principles
  • Relevant materials and resources
Click on this link to read further or view the video below to get better understanding.


Hargis, J. (2011). Backward design. Retrieved April 2, 2013, from
Richardson, S. (n.d.). Backward design model. Retrieved April 2, 2013, from